Using Axios interceptors for refreshing your API token.

Recently I was asked to create an integration with the use of an API. This API used OAuth for authentication. After a successful login, the API token and refresh token are returned. You know, as you would expect these days.

After the token expires, you'll need to request a new token using the refresh token. Then, you need to use the freshly retrieved token for the next API requests until, of course that token will expire as well.

Now, since I'm not the talker let alone the writer. I'll get straight to the point.

You could send that request for a new token after the first 403 response. But with the Axios library you can also use interceptors. An example using such an interceptor can be found below.

I'm using Redis to store the token and refresh token received from the API as you can see in the examples. Obvious code is omitted and simplified where applicable.

const axios = require('axios');
const axiosApiInstance = axios.create();
// Request interceptor for API calls
async config => {
const value = await redisClient.get(rediskey)
const keys = JSON.parse(value)
config.headers = {
'Authorization': `Bearer ${keys.access_token}`,
'Accept': 'application/json',
'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
return config;
error => {
// Response interceptor for API calls
axiosApiInstance.interceptors.response.use((response) => {
return response
}, async function (error) {
const originalRequest = error.config;
if (error.response.status === 403 && !originalRequest._retry) {
originalRequest._retry = true;
const access_token = await refreshAccessToken();
axios.defaults.headers.common['Authorization'] = 'Bearer ' + access_token;
return axiosApiInstance(originalRequest);
return Promise.reject(error);

The response interceptor checks to see if the API returned a 403 status due to an expired token. If so, it calls a function to refresh the access token which it uses for its call. That function (refreshAccessToken) is an Axios call to the auth service on the API which returns and stores the token and refreshtoken in Redis.

Now using these interceptors you can call the API like;

const result = await, data)